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Stream 4: Opportunities in Innovation and Technology
Unlocking Building Efficiency from Within
Will Wilson, Pace Chemicals
The objective of this presentation is to discover the hidden opportunities within HVAC water treatment that have a major impact on the built and natural environment.

In recent decades we have realized the significant impact of the built environment on our natural environment. According to Statistics Canada, space heating and cooling accounts for over 50% of total building energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). Buildings also consume approximately 9% of all fresh water. While new construction is hyper focused on efficiency, what can we do about existing buildings? The cost and environmental impact to tear down and rebuild is prohibitive. Our only course of action is deep-retrofits to the HVAC systems and building envelope but this too is cost prohibitive.

We are here today to discuss overlooked or unknown methods and technology that can lower space heating and cooling energy, GHG emissions and water consumption by up 30% without retrofits. This will have a major impact on overall energy consumption and emissions Canada-wide.

The majority of building HVAC systems use water as a delivery system for heat. Chilled water systems exhaust heat from the building in summer months and boiler systems add heat to the building in the winter months. There are several hidden opportunities within HVAC water treatment that can make buildings more resilient and sustainable while protecting the natural and built environment.

Most building system are a closed-loop, meaning that boiler water circulates through the building to deliver heat and returns to the boiler to be reheated and then recirculated. Water is used because it safe to handle, easily accessible and relatively inexpensive. Water has three major problems that we will discuss today and only one of these problems is address by traditional water treatment methods. The first problem is that water will actively corrode pipes, seals and materials in all systems, damaging the built environment.

Traditional water treatment addresses this issue but, due to lack of knowledge and capacity, most buildings are not following an adequate treatment plan. The second problem is dissolved solids that are carried into the system when fresh water is added. These minerals or scale will coat the inside of the heat transfer surfaces creating an insulating layer on the heat transfer surfaces. A credit card thickness of scale in a boiler or chiller will increase energy consumption by 28% alone. The third problem is the high surface tension of water which acts as a natural insulation between the heat transfer surface and the hydrogen molecules.

This presentation will outline the key solutions to these three problems and unlock the potential for significant energy, GHG emission and water reduction.

Will Wilson, Sustainability Manager, Pace Chemicals
Will Wilson has run the Sustainability and Water Conservation division of at PACE Chemicals for past three years. Will is focused on educating the marketing and bringing innovative solutions to the problem of building efficiency and emissions reductions. He has overseen hundreds of energy saving projects including 50+ measurement and verification case study for clients including TELUS, Alberta Infrastructure, QuadReal and BGIS.


Quantifiable Energy Audit and Thermal Inspection for Building Envelops
Peyvand Melati, QEA TECH
The objective of this presentation is to provide property owners/managers with a tool to inspect and measure the energy loss from the exterior of the buildings and prioritize their infrastructure retrofit and repair projects.

Up to 50% of a building’s energy loss could be due to its exterior surface. Locating and calculating the energy loss through the building’s envelope can potentially result in tremendous financial saving and helps lowering the greenhouse gas emissions.

Quantifiable Energy Audit is a new and innovative remote sensing solution for building envelopes. Utilizing drone technology, it provides building owners and managers with an unprecedented level of detail, allowing them to make data-driven decisions on: i) which areas are problematic; ii) quantifiable energy loss; and, iii) the priority or repairs and ROI calculations.

Using this technology, property owners and operators will have the means to prioritize their infrastructure retrofit and repair projects, as well as measure the excess GHG emitted from their portfolio.

This technology employs a fleet of aerial thermal imaging equipment which automatically acquires hundreds of thermal and visual images. Utilizing an image-processing algorithm every pixel could turn into meaningful numerical energy value for further analytical processing and quantification.

This technology could also be utilized in areas other than building envelope inspection, such as crack detection, pipeline leakage detection, contaminated sites inspection and solar panel inspection.

Peyvand Melati, Chief Executive Officer, QEA TECH
Peyvand Melati is a highly accomplished entrepreneur who has successfully launched multiple businesses. His expertise included in-depth knowledge of major vertical industries in clean tech, IOT and renewable energy.

He is expert in lunching start-ups from concept to exit strategy, able to set priorities, develop strategy, build the team and successfully execute. Result-oriented and financially driven team leader with excellent track record of opening international markets, building relationship with clients and distributor partners.


Innovation for Facility Handover and Management
Megan Beange1 and John Hale2
1Public Services and Procurement Canada
2Department of National Defence
The objective of this presentation is to present 3D tools such as Building Information Modelling and information communication technologies to improve the facility handover and support facility management.

This presentation will show the work of the Department of National Defence and Public Services and Procurement Canada in the following areas:
The test of Built in Canada Innovation Program's (BCIP) Innovator SmartShape for collaboration in facility management; and,
Building Information Modelling (BIM) case studies in facility handover and management.

It will also highlight the importance of real property custodians taking steps to begin their work in digital transformation, and adoption of technologies such as BIM and common data environments.

Megan Beange, National BIM Lead, Public Services and Procurement Canada
Megan Beange works with national players in the construction industry, balancing high-level strategic direction and thinking with operational needs and technologies. She works with departmental stakeholders, clients, and private sector service providers alike to bring digital efficiencies and innovation to workflows and processes in real property portfolio, program, and project, management. Megan has been a strong voice for digital transformation within the Federal Government's real property community, and supports federal government policy reset with her experience and knowledge from the international community. Megan continues to search for ways to contribute to changing the industry, and desires to help the digital construction community grow and evolve with the emerging technologies and processes of the 21st century. Her goal within Public Services and Procurement Canada is to develop smarter and more interoperable data to support a smarter custodial and real property service model. Most importantly, in light of her knowledge of international trends and benchmarks, Megan would like to contribute to Canada becoming a world leader in construction, real property, and "smart" city innovation.

John Hale, Chief CAD/BIM, Department of National Defence


Start Right – A New Roadmap for Building System Upgrades
Liviu Craiu-Botan1 and Greg Pimento2
1Oxford Properties Group
2Armstrong Fluid Technology
The objective of this presentation is to educate participants about common barriers to energy retrofits of building systems and a new approach for getting around them that is cash flow positive from day one. Performing the retrofit in stages and installing intelligent devices that provide real-time data on actual system loads informs technology choices for later stages of the upgrade, resulting in enhanced performance and lower operating costs than with traditional upgrades.

The building sector is responsible for 30% of global energy consumption, and on average, 30% of the energy consumed in commercial buildings is wasted. However, building retrofits are only forecasted to grow at 1-2% per year in most regions. We urgently need to increase the rate of retrofits of existing buildings to keep pace with global sustainability objectives and stop wasting money on unnecessary energy.

This session will discuss a number of barriers and perceived risks associated with energy retrofits of commercial buildings and strategies to overcome them. With most building systems, mechanical and digital components are combined together even if they were not specifically designed for one another, resulting in “islands of functionality”. Mechanical rooms have been designed and operated using old rules-of-thumb that hold back innovation and limit potential. The patchwork of incremental solutions currently in use address only single elements of a system resulting in building systems that are oversized and inefficient.

To overcome these challenges, the new roadmap for building system upgrades involves three stages over a one-year period – each of which provides more real-time data to better inform technology decisions to be made at the next stage. Building owners have found that this approach saves about 40% energy use in the mechanical plant as a whole. Feedback from owners also highlights the value of involving technical experts early in the design process to advise their engineering design primes on alternative options. Case studies using this building retrofit process will be discussed.

Liviu Craiu-Botan, National Manager, Energy and Technical Services, Oxford Properties Group
Liviu Craiu-Botan, P.Eng., C.E.M., is responsible for Oxford’s industry-leading Energy Management program that achieved over $50M avoided energy costs over the past eight years. Oxford is one of Canada’s leading commercial real estate firms with a portfolio that extends to over 50 million square feet of office, retail, industrial, hotel, and multi-residential assets in Canada, USA, and Europe. Liviu is active in numerous professional associations and technical committees in Canada and internationally, such as ASHRAE, Association of Energy Engineers (AEE), Canadian Standards Association - ISO 15000 Energy Management System Standard Technical Committee, BOMA Toronto Energy Committee, and Canada Green Building Council (CaGBC).

Greg Pimento, Owner Account Executive, Armstrong Fluid Technology
Greg Pimento has extensive technical sales experience, serving industrial and commercial customers in both Canada and the United States. He is committed to helping building owners and managers attain their sustainability goals. In his role with Armstrong, he supports customers as they work to improve energy efficiency in their HVAC and fluid-flow systems. Recent projects include successful installations in hospitals, universities, commercial buildings and condominiums across Canada. Greg is frequently asked to speak at conferences and symposia. Most recently he presented the Hydraulic Institute’s Pump System Optimization course.

Transformative Workplaces
Iana Ciatti, Horizant Inc.
The objective of this presentation is to provide examples, technology, tools and tips to support the management of today's changing workplace.

This presentation offers a synopsis of strategic analytical tools and techniques available today and provides examples of how some Canadian federal government real property colleagues are utilizing these to help focus efforts to use technology to increase the capacity of real property portfolios and elevating client satisfaction and who are providing more productive workplaces and program delivery. Discover how you and your department might also might leverage the private sector's innovation, capacity and expertise managing space, occupancy, assets, projects to support to help meet mandates and stewardship goals of sustainability, optimization and data based decision making.

Iana Ciatti, Program Manager, Horizant Inc.
Iana Ciatti has over 25 years of industry sales experience with the last six focused specifically on integrated workplace management systems consulting. Iana has been involved with dozens of federal, provincial and municipal clients, partnering with them to navigate options, plan and achieve their organizational goals in the areas of portfolio planning, asset and capital project management, building operations and sustainability.

PSPC Engineering Assets and Aboriginal Information
Steve G. Mainville, Isabelle L. Proulx, Eric Duvoisin
Public Services and Procurement Canada
The objective of this presentation is to create an interactive web map displaying PSPC engineering assets and in relation with Indigenous information within their geographic area.

The request for an interactive web map application was made in order to support senior management to make better inform decision concerning the location of the Public Services and Procurement Canada (PSPC) engineering assets and the Indigenous data information within the same geographic area. Thus, PSPC engineering assets across the country are mapped to better determine within which indigenous layers of information they fall into. The web mapping application is featuring the PSPC engineering assets in a “dashboard” format to ease and ensure a user friendly mapping navigation. Specific attributes are displayed such as: the description of the assets; the type of structure; its measurements; the year of construction/reconstruction; and, a photo of the asset is also included. Basic GIS functionalities were included within the web mapping application, such as the navigation tool, the bookmark, and a legend is showing the extent of various indigenous information obtained via open data for visualization: Aboriginal Lands of Canada Legislative Boundaries, Aboriginal Claims, Aboriginal Agreements, Pre-1975 and Post-1975 Treaties and their specific attributes. Other features are provided and added as part of the mapping, such as: a small map of the area (to better locate the user within the map); web links to the Aboriginal Treaty Right Information System (ATRIS) and the Directory of Federal Real Property (DFRP) for each engineering assets; as well as web link to ATRIS nomenclature (lexicon). A customized mapping tool was developed to better serve the engineering assets team and meet internal needs. Other GIS functionalities were added to perform deeper analysis, i.e. reporting, search, filter and query tools.

Steve G. Mainville, Head of GIS and Business Geographics, Geomatics, Public Services and Procurement Canada

Isabelle L. Proulx, GIS Project Manager, Geomatics, Public Services and Procurement Canada
Isabelle Proulx is a GIS Project Manager as part of the Geographic Information System (GIS) Team for Real Property Services at Public Services and Procurement Canada (PSPC). Isabelle has joined PSPC in May 2018 and she has acquired significant experience in geomatics, GIS and project management in the last 20 years. Isabelle has progressed within the Government of Canada into roles of increasing responsibility, going from a GIS technician to Project Manager. She is now leading and managing various GIS mapping projects to serve the real property clientele and meet their specific needs using GIS Solutions. Isabelle holds a Bachelor of Arts in Geography and a Cartography/Geomatics diploma.

Eric Duvoisin, GIS Technologist, Geomatics, Public Services and Procurement Canada
Eric Duvoisin is GIS Technologist at Geomatics Services (National Capital Area) for real property. Joining the team in 2018 and with a multidisciplinary experience in project management, information technology, databases, Eric has quickly taken this project under his responsibility.


Data-driven Modelling and Simulation Methods to Document and Improve Buildings

Burak Gunay and Liam O’Brien
Carleton University

The objective of the presentation is to showcase advanced methods aimed at documenting and improving building operations and to inspire a wide range of stakeholders about the potential for these solutions.

Buildings are a critical component of the National Capital Region’s infrastructure as well as a major energy consumer and cause of greenhouse gas emissions. Despite best intentions and good design, buildings routinely underperform relative to their potential due to faults and operational inefficiencies. Key examples include schedules that run 24 hours per day regardless of occupancy and simultaneous heating and cooling of spaces. With increasingly sophisticated and powerful building management and automation software, a tremendous amount of data is becoming available to continually improve and optimize operations regarding occupant comfort, energy use and cost, and greenhouse gas emissions. With the data, building performance can be systematically, continuously, and remotely monitored to identify opportunities for improvement.

Over the past seven years, professors and students of the Building Performance Research Centre at Carleton University have performed a living laboratory approach to building operations using approximately 100 buildings in the private and public sectors. The objectives are to simultaneously improve building operations, develop new algorithms and technologies, and train the next generation of professionals and researchers. Key areas of interest include: fault detection and diagnostics, data analytics to inform operators and owners, data visualization, exploitation of innovative new data sources (e.g., WiFi, operator log books and virtual meters), and building information modelling and simulation. In this presentation, we will present some of the most promising and effective outcomes of seven years of research. Moreover, based on our results and experience, we will make recommendations for sensor, meter, and data-related infrastructure to ensure that current and future buildings can be operated to their maximum potential.

Carleton has a leading cluster of researchers focused on various aspects of new, existing, and heritage buildings. This presentation will also showcase related work of colleagues, including: 1) a project on the modelling and documentation of the Library of Parliament; and, 2) sensor-based unified simulation techniques for advanced in-building networks. Overall, this presentation aims to inspire diverse audiences and demonstrate some techniques that are emerging from research that could be directly applied to any building.


Burak Gunay, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carleton University

Burak Gunay, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor at Carleton University in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. His research examines methods to optimize the operation of commercial and institutional buildings for comfort and energy use. He uses the operational data gathered inside modern automation and control networks to learn from the occupants’ comfort, behaviour, and presence patterns. Using operational data, he employs inverse modelling to characterize building equipment operation and the envelope performance. Aside from field-scale data analyses, his research commonly uses building performance simulation.

Liam O’Brien, Associate Professor in Architectural Conservation and Sustainability Engineering, Carleton University

Liam O’Brien, Ph.D., P.Eng., is an Associate Professor for Carleton University’s Architectural Conservation and Sustainability Engineering program. He is the principal investigator of the Human Building Interaction Lab. His team is developing occupant-centric design processes, building code, and controls for high-performance buildings. He has authored over 130 publications and two books on this topic. He is Operating Agent of IEA EBC Annex 79: Occupant-Centric Building Design and Operation and the past president of the Canadian chapter of the International Building Performance Simulation Association.  


Energy reporting and disclosure to fuel the energy transition

Gabriel Desmarais,Econoler

The objective of this presentation is to understand barriers and sucess factors for energy reporting and disclosure programs and understand how to best use information to drive change.